” The view was espoused in the early 20th century by Leo Wiener and others. Olmec alternative origin speculations are explanations that have been suggested for the formation of Olmec civilization which contradict generally accepted scholarly consensus. Writing in the Mormon studies journal Dialogue, Yale University anthropology professor and eminent Mesoamericanist archaeologist Michael D. they, and their neighbouring cultures with whom they had contact, developed their own characters which were founded entirely on a remarkably interlinked and ancient cultural and agricultural heritage that was locally shared, but arose quite independently of any extra-hemispheric influences. Native Americans are thus made to fit within these groups which often yields false and contradictory assumptions as a result of sample bias.” Wiercinski claims that some of the Olmecs were of African origin. Some researchers have argued that the Olmec civilization originated due to Shang Chinese influences around 1200 BC. Writing in an earlier 1992 article, Sorenson notes some parallels: Conventional Mesoamerican scholarship does not support any proposal that allows for the presence or influence of old World cultures in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica.D. Cerro de las Mesa is within the Olmec heartland, although according to Wiercinski, “the series .D. Although these speculations have become somewhat well-known within popular culture, particularly the idea of an African connection to the Olmec, they are not considered credible by the vast majority of Mesoamerican researchers. these assertions have found no support among Mesoamerican researchers. placed the arrival of the Jaredites in “the lake country of America” (region of Lake Ontario), allowing for the eventual migration of Book of Mormon peoples to Mexico and Central America.”. An interdisciplinary analysis of Native American skulls has shown that there is no real evidence, apart from superficial misjudgments and erroneous conclusions, that Native Americans have any link to an African presence in America before the European encounter. Some LDS scholars identify the Olmec civilization with the Jaredites, citing perceived similarities and noting that the period in which the Olmec flourished and later declined corresponds roughly with the Jaredite civilization timeline. Some researchers claim that the Mesoamerican writing systems are related to African scripts. The crania were from the Pre-Classic period, contemporary with the Olmec. . . for example, Wiercinski states that the colossal Olmec heads represent the “Dongolan” type. among other criticisms leveled against the belief that the Olmec had Jaredite origins or identity, Mesoamerican archaeologists note that many of the things described in the Book of Mormon are known not to have been part of or present in Olmec culture, including iron, silk, and elephants. is dated on the Classic period. Constance Irwin and Andrez Wiercinski have both reported that skeletal remains with African characteristics have been found in Mexico. In the early 19th century, Constantine Samuel Rafinesque proposed that the Mayan inscriptions
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